Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling was son of a phamacist and its childhood was developed in rural means. In 1925 one did PhD in Chemistry-Physical in the Institute of ocnología of California, where it developed his scientific work most of.

Linus Pauling is the only person who has two Nobel prizes, not shared: the one of Chemistry (1954) and the one of La Paz (1962). He was antiwarmongering and a defending one of the vitamin taking. He was born in Portland (EE. UU.), the 28 of February of 1901. The 19 of August of 1994 died. Loving from vitaminasEn the last time of its life extremely arrived to be known by its theory of orthomolecular medicine, that it is possible to be summarized saying that there is to provide the contribution of optimum amounts of vital nutrients that can more be than sufficient to improve chronic and complex upheavals of health. According to him, in this it is the base of the prevention of the disease and the delay of the aging and, even, in the treatment of many diseases. On 1973 it founded an institution without profit spirit, the Institute Linus Pauling de Ciencia and Medicina, to develop medical applications of these principles. Their controversial expositions more are picked up in their books Vitamin C and common cold (1970), Cancer and vitamin C (1979) and How to live and to feel more better (1986). In them it defends kindness to take great doses from vitamin C and other trace elements, as vitamins and those of the complex B, as well as some minerals that resist the oxidation, that is the causes of the aging. “There was a time at which the measurement recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board (30 UI), was not used for anything”. To thus it twice affirmed to the doctor in chemistry and winner it of the Nobel prize, Linus Pauling. Pauling was, in addition, member of the National Academies of Chemistry of the United States and England, gained gold medals of several medicine academies. It received 48 titles Honorary of different universities: Oxford, Harvard, Yale, the Sorbonne, Berlin, Chicago and Princeton: and another candidacy to Nobel by its discovery of vitamin C. But the Nobel prize untied a ferocious controversy when it announced publicly and in scientific articles that the doses of Vitamin and which people took “were not used for anything” and that the great laboratories maintained the low doses because the Vitamin and “it was not business” for them. For Pauling, the best example of youth was the same: “… if I do not arrive at the one hundred years, it is because I began to take the megadosis from vitamins takes, to the 65 years, when my body already was aged” But, that is the oldness and so that we age? The oldness begins at the same moment in which we are born. As of the thirty-five years it is accelerated. That is the ideal age, according to Pauling, to begin to attack it. The sooner one begins, better they will be the results. How a vitamin can avoid the oldness. The property of the vitamin and is to neutralize the action of the free radicals. These are the elements that are nourished of oxygen and wear away and aged in continuous form. The vitamin and is a liposoluble antioxidant indispensable for the body because it improves the capacity of the organism to use I oxygenate clearing the aggressive power to them to the free radicals. The ACTIVE CELLULAR NUTRITION AND NUTRITION ORTOMOLECULAR Abraham Hoffer, Linus Pauling, Richard A. Passwater, Michael Murray, Joseph E. Pizzorno, Michael Janson, Richard Firshein…, in the United States and Catherine Kousmine, Alain Bondil, André Denjean, Philippe-Gastón Besson, Luc Moudon, J. Fradrin, Jean Seignalet, Claude Lagarde…, in Europe, all of them and many others, excellent professionals, have promulgated therapeutic the nutritional one as indispensable tool to recover and to maintain a good health. First, frequently fitted in the call Ortomolecular Nutrition, and the seconds habitually related to the Nutriterapia or the Active Cellular Nutrition. The methods and recommendations of some and others have been canalized through infinity of books, conferences and congresses. Thousand of investigations by everybody and million the picked up practical experiences, demonstrate that the nourishing correction and the contribution of optimal amounts of vital nutrients, can more be than sufficient to improve chronic and complex upheavals of health.

 

When happening of the forty years of age, in 1941, Pauling discovered that she was affected by a serious form of the Bright's disease, a potentially mortal renal disease, which was considered incurable by the doctors of the time. With the help of doctor Thomas Addis, of Stanford, Pauling was able to control the disease following a poor diet in proteins and without salt, something outside the common thing for the time. Addis also prescribed to all patients majors consumptions of vitamins and mineral salts and Pauling was not the exception. At the end of the decade of 1950, Pauling investigated the action of enzymes on the cerebral functions. He thought that the mental diseases could be caused, partly, by enzymatic dysfunctions. When it read “the therapy of niacina in psychiatry”, the publication of Abram Hoffer in 1965, realized of which vitamins could have important biochemical effects on the organism; in addition to those effects related to the prevention of the diseases brought about by the vitaminic deficiency. In 1968, Pauling published in the Science magazine their more important article in this land: “Psychiatry to ortomolecular [….]” (PMID 5641253), in which it invented the word to ortomolecular to describe to the concept of concentration control of present compounds in the human body, to come up and to try to the diseases. The spilled ideas formed the base of Orthomolecular medicine, strongly criticized by the professionals of the traditional medicine. In the following years, the investigations of Pauling on vitamin C were source of controversies, and some considered fruit of the 13 quackery []. In 1966, Irwin Stone developed the concept of treatment with high doses of vitamin C. After this development, Pauling began to take several grams to the day to prevent the colds. Excited by the results, one was interested in the Literature of the subject, and in 1970 and published “Vitamin C the Common Cold” (“vitamin C and the common cold”). The following year, Pauling began one long collaboration with the British oncologist Ewan Cameron [14], working on the use of vitamin C by intravenous route or oral route in patients of cancer in final stage. Cameron and the Paulings wrote several articles, as well as a called book of spreading “vitamin C and the cancer” describing their observations. Although the results seemed favorable, the campaign of negative publicity in his con mined the credibility of Pauling and its investigations by many years. From his campaigns of fight against the nuclear tests in the decade of 1950, to his investigations in Biology to ortomolecular, Pauling always it was in the tightrope. In 1985, Pauling remained without institutional the financial support, and the support of their colleagues. Anyway, Pauling collaborated with the Canadian doctor Abram Hoffer in the development of a diet that included vitamin C in high doses, as a complementary treatment of the cancer.

In 1973, Linus Pauling founded, along with two colleagues his, the Orthomolecular medicine Institute in Menlo Park. The name of the institute soon changed to Institute Linus Pauling de Ciencia and Medicina. There, Pauling continued directing the investigations on vitamin C, but also she maintained his interest in works of chemistry and theoretical physics, until his death in 1994. During his last years of life, one was interested particularly in the possible paper that vitamin C would have in the prevention of the arteriosclerosis, and published three information on the use of vitamin C and lisina, used for the lightening of the chest angina. In 1996, two years after its death, the institute moved to Corvallis (Oregon), to comprise of the State University of Oregon. In the institute investigations in micronutrients are realised, fitonutrientes and other ways to prevent and to treat the diseases through the human diet.

 

  Magazine: FOR YOU
  Date: Mayo 24, 1993
Linus Pauling:
“The Vitamin and Stops the Oldness”

 

Linus Pauling, winner of two Nobel prizes affirms that a high dose of daily Vitamin and slows down the aging and prolongs the life.

Every day is fashionable in the United States and as its fame grows, also the controversy multiplies. Vitamin E: “love it or leave it”, it seems to be the motto. Since in the measurement recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board (30 daily UI), is not used for anything. Therefore the doctor in twice winning Chemistry and of the Nobel prize affirms it at least, Linus Pauling.

Who is Pauling? Both Nobel prizes that won speak by him. First, of Chemistry in 1954, by its contribution to the study of the quantum mechanics, that is to say the chemical link of molecules. When some specialists began to use their discovery nuclear weapon, she was against fervent, she organized congresses and manifestations, and she joined the companies of 11,000 important scientists worldwide. For that reason Nobel of La Paz in 1962 won. In addition, he is member of the national Academies of Chemistry of the United States and England, gained gold medals of several medicine academies. It received 48 titles Honorary of different universities: Oxford, Harvard, Yale, the Sorbonne, Berlin, Chicago and Princeton; and another candidacy to Nobel by its discovery of vitamin C.

THE DOSE OF THE DISCORD

For that reason, since Pauling announced that she takes 800 daily UI for twenty-seven years and that to the 93 feels better than ever, revolutionized the vitamin consumption. The medicine publications were transformed into the battlefield of the defenders of both theory, and in means, as always, it was the consumer.
In the middle of as much controversy, the best option is to consult to the own doctor in search of advice. Because nobody puts in doubt the virtues of the vitamin and to delay the natural process of aging. What yes it is discussed is the necessary dose.

On the one hand, the traditional doctors limit themselves to recommend 30 daily UI, as he suggests the FNB. On the other, the representatives of the medical school of outpost, with Linus Pauling at the top, insist on which that dose is too low as marking differences in the adult individual. He recommends of 400 to 800 UI. No matter how hard to its detractors it weighs to them, FDA (Food and Drugs Administration) approved the manufacture of capsules of 1,000 UI each. So that it is clear more: the megadosis is not prohibited.

The best example of Pauling is the same: “… if I do not arrive at the one hundred years, it is because I began to take the megadosis behind schedule, to sixty the five, when my body already was aged”.

The oldness begins from the same moment of the birth. As of the 35 years it is accelerated. That is the ideal age, according to Pauling, to begin to attack it. The sooner one begins, better they will be the results.

In order to clarify all the doubts on the subject, For You it resorted to the sources: mismís-mo doctor Pauling answered on its discovery.

- How can a vitamin avoid the oldness?
- The property of the E is to neutralize the action of the free radicals. These are the elements that are nourished of the oxygen of the body and they wear away it in continuous form, producing the aging. The vitamin and clears the aggressive power to them to the free radicals, “it catches them”, and its effect is reverted.

THE CAPSULE OF YOUTH

LINUS

- What is exactly vitamin E?
- The vitamin and is an antioxidant. He is indispensable for the body because it is the only liposoluble substance that improves the capacity of the organism to use oxygen.

- One would cheer up to affirm that it is “the miraculous capsule of youth”?
- As scientist I am not customary to use those terms. But I can affirm that I believe as much in the virtues of the vitamin and as I believe in those of the C. and I have shelp it in many scientific works that they take my signature. As far as the one of “source of youth” ‘, partly it is certain. The vitamin and, administered in the correct dose, can delay the aging process up to 25 years.

- How much last does the treatment?
- The vitamin and is not only a treatment of cures. Also he is preventive, by his antirust action. And everything lasts what one wants. It depends on the time that is taken. All the life can be taken. I do it for twenty-seven years, and fodder to follow all my life.

- Exist does the risk that one is become accustomed or it becomes addict to vitamin E?
- No, the vitamin and can produce the same addiction that to take ice creams.

- It gets fat?
- Vitamins generally do not get fat. The E either.

- That does amount of vitamin and recommend?
- For an adult, 800 daily milligrams or UI. There are no overdose problems because the E is not toxic. He is only the liposoluble one with verified null toxicity. It does not have effects collaterals nor contraindications.

- In what foods is vitamin E?
- In the amount necessary to mark differences, in none. The vitamin and is in fruits and vegetables, but in low amounts.

- Tell me to three advantages and three disadvantages of vitamin E.
- Advantages: it is a natural treatment, he is not expensive and he is inoffensive. Disadvantages? No is happened to me.

- To the 93 years, you are fantastic. One is due to this treatment?
- Yes. And to something more. Volume several tablets per day: a capsule of vitamin and 800 UI, a tablet of the complex B, one of minerals and one capsule of 25,000 UI of vitamin A. and before the breakfast, 18 mgs of vitamin C. and I am going to say something to him that I do not get tired to repeat: everything what volume on a daily basis leaves 150 dollars to me per year. Something as well as 41 cents per day. Nobody can say that to be well he is expensive.

- A man with its trajectory, feel doesn't victim when they do not create in his theories?
- I am customary to that my ideas with skepticism are taken. To that they are discussed my discoveries and which is put in judgment fabric I say. The time will confirm that I am right with the vitamin now and, as had it in the decade of the 60 with the C, and at the outset they did not believe to me either. A friend always says to me that the problem is not what I say, but I say it before 20 years.

“IT IS NOT BUSINESS FOR ANYBODY”

- Why there is as much resistance in the medical community to its megadosis?
- Because the vitamin and is very cheap. Any international laboratory is not business to produce it. In addition, not even it is possible to be patented as trademark because it is an element that exists in the nature. As it is seen, the vitamin is not a good business…

- It feels that this time is a too high wall as being able to pass it?
- I never let myself influence by established concepts when they were in conflict with my own convictions. With the vitamin and its roll to delay the aging process, I insist on the megadosis. I am an independent thinker and I do not remain and so they say the others that only follow maíón.

“THE TIME WILL GIVE LA RAZÓN ME”

- It thinks that they will recognize his theory someday?
- In my opinion, the authorities of the Food and Nutri-tion Board are mistaken with the dose of 30 UI of vitamin E. so are mistaken now with this as they were it 20 years ago with the C. The time will confirm that the E is an excellent antioxidant in daily doses of 800 UI, as well as confirmed that I was right and the C is an excellent vitamin. The two work together for a common goal; to prolong youth.

- How it sees the scientists of today in comparison with those of his generation?
- I do not understand them. Today they do not think. Simply they put the crystal or the substance to analyze within mechanical equipment, they connect this one to a computer that deduces the structure and until it transcribes the results in the form of ready scientific works to publish. At my time it was not thus. I went many hours of my life in a laboratory doing calculations. Not touching bellboys. For that reason I can speak of this subject. I have experience and I can show results.

Tamara Di Tella